Scarlet ibis

Scientific name :
Eudocimus ruber
Class :
Birds
Order :
Ciconiiformes
Family :
Threskiornithidae

Known locally as the “corocoro roja”, the scarlet ibis is a sociable bird and lives in colonies that can contain several thousand individuals. It has suffered from intense poaching for its feathers, which are primarily red with blueish-black tips. The scarlet ibis has been protected for several years in some countries (since 1955 in Surinam).

 

Geographic distribution of the scarlet ibis

Two sub-species of scarlet ibis can be found from Florida to Brazil, including the Pacific coast of Central America and the Greater Antilles.

 

Reproduction of the scarlet ibis

Reproduction takes place at the height of the rainy season, from March to July. After a short period of courtship, the scarlet ibis builds a rudimentary nest. Its offspring have a black back and white front and only become fully red at the age of two. The scarlet ibis can interbreed with other species from the same genus such as the white ibis.

Did you know?

Its colour is due to the carotenoids (pigments) found in its food, shellfish mainly.
Mudflats, coastal lagoons, seafront mangroves
Size: 55 to 65 cm
Wingspan: 80 to 100 cm
Weight: 500 g to 1kg
Mudflats, coastal lagoons and seafront mangroves
Longevity: 20 years.
Lays: 2 to 4 eggs
Brooding: 19 to 23 days

Conservation status

stable menacé très menacé

Image name
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