Autruche au parc animalier Le PAL
Autruches dans la plaine africaine du parc animalier Le PAL

Ostrich

Scientific name :
Struthio camelus
Class :
Birds
Order :
Struthioniformes
Family :
Struthionidae

The ostrich is the world’s largest living bird although it is flightless. However, it is tireless when it comes to walking and very good at running, reaching speeds of up to 50 km/h. It has only two toes on its feet. When pecking at the vegetation, it is vulnerable to predators including lions, and lifts its head often to check for danger.

 

Geographic distribution of ostriches

The ostrich you are looking at originates from Kenya. However, there are 3 sub-species living in different African countries, which include Senegal, Nigeria, Ethiopia and Sudan, as well as South Africa.

 

Ostrich egg incubation

Females and males share incubation equally, with the female doing it during the day and the male at night. In fact the male's black plumage makes him easier to make out during the day from great distances, while that of the female, which is dull brown, provides camouflage. They look after their eggs as well as those laid by other females in the same nest.

Did you know?

The ostrich egg is the largest bird egg, as well as the smallest in proportion to the size of the bird.
Arid exposed areas in Africa
Height: 2.5 m
Weight: 115 kg
Shoots, flowers, leaves and seeds.
Longevity: up to 40 years
Sexual maturity: male: 3-4 years; female: 2 years
Lays: 10 to 40 eggs
Incubation: 42 days

Conservation status

Stable Threatened Critically endangered