Mandrill au bord de l'eau au parc animalier Le PAL
Mandrill en milieu naturel au parc animalier du PAL
Mandrill au bord de l'eau dans les rochers au parc animalier du PAL


Scientific name :
Mandrillus Sphinx
Class :
Order :
Family :

The mandrill stands out due to its striking colours. The red and blue hues that symmetrically adorn its front and rump also constitute secondary sexual features and are much less apparent in females. One might also suggest that nature has endowed the mandrill with a war mask designed to impress potential competitors. Males are extremely bad-tempered and highly dangerous. They are known for their fits of rage, which come on suddenly and can be devastating.


Geographic distribution of the mandrill

Mandrills are found in south-western Cameroon, western Gabon, Equatorial Guinea and south-western Congo.


Habits of the mandrill

Mandrills live in groups and travel together looking for food. Their society is strictly hierarchical. They are highly courageous and never back down when faced with an adversary. Despite their apparent bulkiness, these monkeys move with astonishing ease and are as agile on the ground as in the trees, where they seek refuge when exposed to a real threat.

Did you know?

The mandrill’s bad reputation is mainly due to its attitude, which has been interpreted as being deliberately insulting. It expresses itself by exhibiting its rear end with an insistence that has been deemed shocking. In reality, this behaviour is a sign of allegiance, mimicking the female as she submits to a male. One must nonetheless be wary towards this show of politeness, for when mandrills become highly agitated, they adopt this position and project their excrement over a distance covering several metres.
Spends most of its time on the ground,
Africa (forests of Cameroon and Gabon).
Weight: around 25 kg (males) and around 15 kg (females)
Almost exclusively vegetarian
(various fruit, mushrooms, roots)
Occasionally insects, molluscs or small vertebrates.
Longevity: up to 35 years in captivity.
Sexual maturity: 4 years
Gestation: 7 1/2 months.
Young: 1
European protection programme

European EEP breeding and conservation programs for endangered species appeared in 1985. The purpose of such a program is to encourage, monitor... Find out more

Conservation status

Stable Threatened Critically endangered