Hamadryas en milieu naturel dans le parc animalier Le PAL
Hamadryas qui ouvre la gueule au parc animalier Le PAL
Groupe d'hamadryas dans les rochers au parc animalier Le PAL
Hamadryas posé sur son rocher au parc animalier du PAL

Hamadryas baboon

Scientific name :
Papio hamadryas
Class :
Order :
Family :

Hamadryas baboons live in groups averaging around 50 individuals. The tribe is dominated by a few large adult males who constantly remain close to the females. The other males and juveniles keep a lookout around the group and are responsible for raising the alarm in case of danger.


Geographic distribution of the hamadryas baboon

Hamadryas baboons are found in Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia.


Reproduction of the hamadryas baboon

Hamadryas baboons engage in liberal sexual habits. Each member of the group is free to mate with any other, but only the dominant male has the privilege of insemination.


Characteristics of the hamadryas baboon

With a length of up to 1 m (not including the tail), this is a powerful and formidable animal, not only because of its aggressive nature but also due to the capacity for reason which it displays in its actions. Hamadryas baboons sleep in trees or on rocks and by daytime look for plants, insects and small mammals to eat.

Did you know?

In ancient times, the hamadryas baboon was widespread in Egypt. It is associated with sun worshipping and personified the God known as Thoth. It was a sacred baboon for ancient Egyptians and is represented on many bas-reliefs and statues.
Spends most of its time on the ground.
Semi-desert, rocky land or savannah.
Weight: female: around 10 kg
male: 20 kg
Size: body: 50 cm to 1 m.
tail: 40 to 60 cm.
Seeds, roots, bulbs, plants, insects, small animals (partridge, young antelopes, etc.)
Longevity: 15 to 20 years
Sexual maturity: male: 5 to 7 years
female: 4 years
Gestation: 6 months. 1 offspring.

Conservation status

Stable Threatened Critically endangered