Grue Demoiselle se promenant dans le parc animalier du PAL
Grue Demoiselle au parc Le PAL

Demoiselle crane

Scientific name :
Anthropoides virgo
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The demoiselle crane is the smallest of all crane species. Its plumage is a pearl grey in colour, with black markings on its head, throat, breast and long foreneck. Its olive-green bill, its red eyes and the tuft of long white feathers stretching down behind its eyes make the demoiselle crane a graceful bird. Like all cranes, it has long legs that enable it to wade in search of food and also to look out for intruders when nesting.


Geographic distribution of the demoiselle crane

Demoiselle cranes are mainly found in Central Asia and Eastern Europe. They migrate in large groups and can be seen in a V formation as they head for southern Asia (India) and eastern and central Africa


Habits of the demoiselle crane

It likes wide open spaces where its small and simple nest is built right on the ground, often near wetlands. It is diurnal and quite sociable, except during the reproduction period. However, it is a shy animal and the encroachment of farming in its nesting zones is increasingly problematic. Cranes are quite noisy birds: the demoiselle caws, screeches and emits trumpeting calls and can be heard almost 2 km away.

Did you know?

Cranes, like storks, fly with their neck and legs stretched out, whereas herons tuck in their neck in flight.
Exposed agricultural zones, marshes and pastures close to Europe's wetlands.
Length: 90 to 100 cm
Wingspan: 1.6 m to 1.9 m
Weight: 2 kg to 3 kg.
Seeds and shoots, grass and small insects and invertebrates.
Longevity: 30 to 40 years.
Sexual maturity: 3 to 4 years
Lays: 2 eggs
Brooding: 27 to 29 days.

Conservation status

Stable Threatened Critically endangered