Asiatic lion

Scientific name :
Panthera leo persicus
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Order :
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The Asiatic lion differs slightly from its African relative. Its head is less bulky and its mane less dense, especially on the top of its head. When it hunts, it uses its power to leap on its prey. It can pursue its prey over a distance of a few dozen metres, reaching a top speed of 60 km/h. However, not many of its attacks end in a successful kill: its prey has an 80% chance of escape. It therefore often hunts in groups, usually the females.


Geographic distribution of the Asiatic lion

Asiatic lions are only found on the Gir sanctuary in India.


Habits of the Asiatic lion

The Asiatic lion uses its roar to mark the limits of its territory: it can be heard over a distance of around 10 km. It also signals its presence to potential rivals with splashes of urine. Lions live in groups of around 10, comprising one dominant male and several females. Males sometimes accept the presence of a brother.

Did you know?

The Asiatic lion is a highly endangered species. No more than 200 to 300 animals remain in the wild, all of them on the Gir sanctuary in India. As a result, when in captivity, like here at Le PAL, they are closely monitored and are the subject of breeding programmes.
Forest, Gir wildlife sanctuary.
Height: 1 m to withers.
Weight: 200 kg (male),
160 kg (female).
Cervids and small mammals.
Longevity: 20 years.
Sexual maturity: 2 to 3 years.
Gestation: 4 months.
Young: 2 to 5 cubs.
European protection programme

Les programmes européens EEP d'élevage et de conservation d'espèces menacées sont apparus en 1985. Un tel programme a pour but d'encourager, de surveiller... Find out more

Conservation status

stable menacé très menacé

Image name
Educational Presentation Find out more